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Scoliosis Diagnosis and Treatment in Edison, NJ

What is Scoliosis?

Scoliosis is a condition that causes curves in your spine. While some curves in the spine are normal, scoliosis causes large curves from side to side. These severe curves can cause pain and breathing issues.

Who is at risk of developing scoliosis?

There isn’t a known cause for many types of scoliosis. Some theories suggest that scoliosis is:

  • Hereditary
  • Linked to growth spurts
  • Sometimes caused by structural changes, for example, if one leg is longer than the other, or central nervous system changes
  • Often caused by problems with posture and body symmetry.

Young children

Infantile scoliosis occurs when scoliosis is diagnosed before the child is 3 years old, and there is no known singular cause. Juvenile scoliosis is diagnosed between the ages of 4 and 10. Some patients with juvenile scoliosis have an underlying spinal condition, but the majority do not. Young children with scoliosis frequently need surgical treatment. 

Adolescents

Roughly 10 percent of children between the ages of 10 and 15 years old will be diagnosed with scoliosis, stemming from periods of rapid growth during this age. Girls at this age are 10 times more likely to have scoliosis than boys. 

What are the Symptoms of Scoliosis?

Scoliosis typically causes the following symptoms when the curve becomes moderate to severe:

  • One shoulder might be higher than the other.
  • The head may night be centered over the body.
  • The waistline is flat on one side
  • The ribs are higher on one side than the other.
  • Pressure on the spinal discs, nerves, muscles, ligaments or facet joints.

Treating Scoliosis in Shrewsbury and Edison, NJ

Treatment for scoliosis is based on age, the degree of the curve and type of scoliosis the person has. The most common scoliosis treatments include:

  • Observation – If the curve isn’t severe (less than 25 degrees), the doctor will recommend observation. Checkups will take place every four to six months to make sure the curve is not getting worse.
  • Bracing – Doctors might suggest bracing when the curve is more than 25 degrees, the curve is getting worse during the observation period and the person has more than two years of growing left.
  • Surgery – Doctors use surgery to correct curves that are more than 45 degrees. The surgery involves fusing together two or more bones in the spine. If necessary, the surgeon will also add implants.

Schedule an Appointment with a Spine Specialist

Spine and scoliosis specialists provide patients throughout New Jersey with comprehensive treatment for all types of back and neck problems. Call (732) 544-9000 for more information.